Research & Innovation Industrial Systems

Find current and upcoming research, as well as research team, partners. Learn about research projects and results, joint research initiatives, and ICT Academy actions to promote innovation.

Research areas

Cybersecurity Countermeasures for Industrial IoT

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) refers to the integration of physical devices and systems, such as sensors, machines, and control systems, with network connectivity and computing capabilities.

Industrial IoT Threats, and Attacks

However, IIoT systems are vulnerable to cyber-attacks, which can lead to severe consequences, including production disruptions, equipment damage, and potential safety risks to workers.

Cybersecurity Model for Industrial IoT

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is rapidly expanding, and as it does, the need for robust cybersecurity models to protect against cyber threats grows increasingly important.

Security and Protection of ICS/SCADA, Networks and Infrastructures

Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are widely used in critical infrastructure such as power plants, water treatment facilities, and transportation systems.

Current Projects

Past Research

  1. Buja A., M. Apostolova, A. Luma and Y. Januzaj, “Cyber Security Standards for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)– A Systematic Review,” 2022 International Congress on Human-Computer Interaction, Optimization and Robotic Applications (HORA), Ankara, Turkey, 2022, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/HORA55278.2022.9799870.
  2. Buja A., M. Apostolova, and A. Luma, “Enhancing Cybersecurity in Industrial Internet of Things: An Experimental Assessment”, 2023 12th Mediterranean Conference on Embedded Computing (MECO), doi: 10.1109/MECO58584.2023.10155100
  3. Buja A., and A. Luma, “A Comprehensive Survey on Student Perceptions of Online Threat from Cyberbullying in Kosova”, Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Data Engineering. ICCIDE 2022. Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol 163. Springer, Singapore.
  4. Buja, A. and Luma, Z.B. (no date) An online SQL vulnerability assessment tool and it’s impact on smes, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science. Available at: (Accessed: May 4, 2023).
  5. Buja, A. and Luma, Z.B. (no date) Proactive monitoring for smes using APPINSIGHT, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science. Available at: (Accessed: May 4, 2023).
  6. Buja, A. (no date) UBT Knowledge Center – UBT International Conference: Research on system … Available at: (Accessed: May 4, 2023).
  7. Buja, A. (no date) Cyber security standards for the industrial internet of things (iiot). Available at: (Accessed: May 4, 2023).